Ocean water carries a great deal of energy within itself. It is not just a habitat for millions of species but also carries in itself a powerhouse of energy. It can prove to be a means of energy sustenance for the whole of the earth. The oceans energy has been the area of interest of the human race since a long time. Tapping the energy is based on well-understood principles derived from hydrodynamic physics and mechanical and electrical engineering.
The ocean water energy can be present in various forms. The most common being the hydroelectric energy. Hydroelectric energy generally employs the use of a dam, wherein the energy of the water flow is captured and used to power a turbine. The turbine then generates a supplementary form of electricity. Tidal power attempts to make use of the natural energy potential of tidal activity in the oceans and seas. In simple terms, the high tide is captured and fed through a turbine to generate electricity.
Ocean thermal energy conversion attempts to exploit the variances in water temperature, from the warmer surface water to the cooler deep water, resulting in a cyclic heat engine. Ocean thermal energy is created when the sun's heat warms the surface water, while the deep ocean water remains cold.
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