I am back to report that both comments above by Motorbikerx are accurate. The star wheel does indeed move by hand, and all you have to do is hold down the detent wheel first. That takes a lot of hands so I had a helper turn the wheel while I pried away the detent arm. We were able to cycle through several gears as verified by the dashboard display with the key turned on. This was Friday - my new ratchet came around 4pm and we got the bike up onto a stand around 7pm where I could get a detailed look at everything going on down there. I had to change over the big spring off the old ratchet, then the new part slid into its locating hole so slick it felt like going HOME. The ratchet teeth seemed to reach well into the star-wheel and I just knew this would be a home run so I buttoned everything up with the new crush washer, reattached the primary cover with the new gasket, reattached the floorboard and shift lever and what do you think happened??
NOT A M-F THING!!!
Shifter didn't seem to have much movement and was NOT rotating the star wheel into other gears - she's stuck in 2nd now instead of Neutral, and no amount of finesse or brute force is going to make it move. The guy helping me is a mechanic and rides a Judge, said sometimes transmissions can get a little notchy till you rock it a little in gear - which we did but to no change - so we took that logic to the next level of refilling all the oil and starting the bike to force oil around all the parts which had been sitting dry for a couple days.....yeah you can guess how that went, no friggin change at all. So now I am still in the same boat I've been since Monday night - going nowhere. PISSED, frustrated, confused and feeling really unloved. I need some LOVE.
All I can think of is we didn't reassemble something properly. I mean, I've already proved to myself that the gears all work, I'm just not selecting them, and this ratchet piece is what governs that so WTF? It must not be seated right in there. Can anyone tell from these pics if it's in there right? Does the star need to be resting on a particular gear before setting the ratchet, does the ratchet need to be in some particular distance into the star? I must be missing something basic.....
The view right before reattaching the primary cover:
Old and new Ratchet comparison - Back side (New on left, Old on right):
Old and new Ratchet comparison - Front side (New on left, Old on right):